Human Research Protection Program

Post Approval & Reporting

Oversight of human research does not end with the approval. Researchers are responsible for communicating problems to the HRPP and for obtaining additional approval of, or registering changes to, the project. The HRPP conducts post-approval monitoring and quality assurance audits to ensure that research is compliant with institutional policies, regulations, and best practices for human research protections.

Click the boxes below for resources related to each step of the human research process.

Required
Training

Plan &
Collaborate

Develop &
Submit

Review &
Respond

Post Approval
& Reporting

The Principal Investigator (PI)听bears direct responsibility for the implementation and conduct of the research and for ensuring the protection of human research participants.听The PI must promptly report any harm or injury (physical, psychological, social, or economic) or unanticipated problems or incidents involving risks to subjects or others to the IRB.
Reports of such adverse events must be reported to the IRB by submitting a Report of New Information in the IRB Portal (irb.ovpr.uga.edu). Unless a different reporting requirement is required by a federal agency or sponsor, an unanticipated problem or event which resulted in a subject鈥檚 death, was life threatening, or places subjects or others at greater risk of harm than was previously known or recognized must be reported to the IRB within 24 hours of the principal investigator or any member of the investigative team becoming aware of the event. All other events must be reported to the IRB within 72 hours of the principal investigator or any member of the study team becoming aware of the event.
If you have any questions, please contact the HSO at 542-3199.

Serious non-compliance or major protocol deviations must be reported to the IRB within 5 business days of the investigator鈥檚 or research staff member鈥檚 learning of the event by submitting a Report of New Information in the IRB Portal (irb.ovpr.uga.edu).听 See 香港管家婆资料免费大全 Compliance Policy and Procedure for Responding to Allegations of Research Noncompliance.

  • Failure to submit a continuing review request or progress report 30 days or more in advance of expiration or due dates
  • Posting unapproved versions of non-exempt research materials (e.g., study advertisements) or revised versions prior to IRB approval of a modification
  • Often one or more members of a research team have not completed the correct training course, have not refreshed (renewed) their training, or have training that will expire soon.
  • During the review process or in the approval correspondence, the PI will be notified through a portal comment that study team training requirements are not met when a study team member has not completed additional modules that are necessary because of the specific research project design (e.g., when the project involves children or other vulnerable populations, use of the Internet to access or interact with participants, international sites, or the access or use of protected health information). Routine post-approval monitoring includes checking to see if the additional courses were completed as required. If not, the PI may be found to be noncompliant.
  • Failure to update the IRB portal when external IRB approvals are obtained or collaborating and/or external sites are added
  • Failure to close a project when it is completed (often when a student researcher has graduated or when faculty leave UGA)

These common areas of noncompliance are all related to project management. Planning and tracking regulatory activities are as important as designing studies and accurately recording data. Make sure that you have appropriate resources to help with project management tasks (e.g., communication with regulatory (research administration) offices, submitting for review, tracking approval and expiration dates, and monitoring study progress.)

  • Do not modify non-exempt Human Research without prior IRB review and approval except if changes in protocol are necessary to eliminate apparent immediate hazards to the human participants.
  • Do not modify exempt Human Research without prior IRB review and approval except if modifications are minor and will not disqualify the research from an exempt determination.
  • At this time, all study team member changes must be submitted in the portal and the study team member may not begin work on the project until approval of the modification has been granted.
  • Always start on the main study record. The ID starts with STUDY or PROJECT.
    • Select “Create Modification” if the main study record ID starts with STUDY.
    • Select “Create Version” if the main study record ID starts with PROJECT.

The scope of the modification is either Study Team or Other Parts or Both Study Team and Other Parts. If the modification is to change the Principal Investigator, select Other Parts of the study as the scope and, if the old PI will remain on the study team, Study Team.

  • All human research projects approved prior to January 21, 2019 were approved for specific time periods and required continuing review.
  • Upon the effective date of the revised Common Rule, January 21, 2019, only certain new research projects will be approved for specific time periods and require continuing review.
  • The revised Common Rule requires continuing review at an interval no greater than one year for research that involves greater than minimal risk to participants.
  • The IRB may require continuing review of other projects based on evaluation of population, procedures, and specific risks to participants.听 The approval period may be 1-3 years.
  • When required by regulation or IRB determination, complete and submit a request for Continuing Review in the IRB Portal no later than 30 days before the study expires. The expiration date can be found on the portal record.
  • Always start on the main study record. The ID starts with STUDY or PROJECT.
    • Select “Create Continuing Review” if the main study record ID starts with STUDY.
    • Select “Create Version” if the main study record ID starts with PROJECT.
  • For research that does not require continuing review, the UGA Human Subjects Office will request a Progress Report at intervals appropriate for the research every 1-5 years.
    • Select the red button labelled “Progress Report” from the main study record in the portal.
    • For Exempt research that is provided 5 years to complete the project, a new submission is required for activities that will continue. The initial project must be closed and the new project submission should identify the first project ID on the Funding Details page of the submission.

The 2018 Common Rule does not require continuing review (renewal of approval) for minimal risk research (e.g., research reviewed via Expedited procedure or determined to be Exempt.) When continuing review is not required by regulation or policy, UGA will
maintain oversight over the research through review of a Progress Report.

The approval correspondence indicates when a progress report is due. The portal generates courtesy reminders 90, 60, and 30 days prior to the due date. A final warning is sent on the due date. Failure to submit a progress report when requested is considered noncompliance with IRB determinations and HRPP policy and can result in suspension of the research or termination of approval by the IRB.

The approval period is the interval between the day that the IRB grants final approval of research, or provides a determination of exemption, and the last day that the research has IRB approval or HRPP oversight. The expiration date is the first day that the research will no longer have IRB approval. Approval periods range from 1-5 years. Rarely, a project is granted an approval period of less than one year.

The Principal Investigator is responsible to monitor approval periods and submit a request for continuing review, when required, at least 30 days prior to the expiration date. All research activities must stop when approval expires (or lapses) unless stopping may cause harm to participants. When the initial approval letter of non-exempt research states that continuing review will not be required but a Progress Report is required, the Progress Report must also be submitted at least 30 days prior to expiration if the project will continue.

When IRB expires before continuing review approval is granted, this is considered non-compliance and must be reported by a Report of New Information (RNI) in the IRB Portal. Lapse of IRB approval may also need to be reported to sponsoring agencies or entities. Multiple instances of lapses in approval may result in an IRB determination of continuing non-compliance which must be reported to the Department of Health and Human Services Office for Human Research Protections and could also result in institutional restrictions being placed on an investigator.

The IRB Portal is programmed to send reminder notifications but these are a courtesy and not a replacement for investigator project management tools. See more information about investigator responsibility in the Investigator Manual.

Failure to submit a request for continuing review or a progress report in a timely manner (30 days prior to due date) is considered noncompliance with UGA HRPP policy.

香港管家婆资料免费大全 ClinicalTrials.gov听听

is a national web registry of federally and privately supported clinical studies conducted in the US and around the world. 听Aimed to increase transparency and improve public awareness of clinical research, ClinicalTrials.gov (or CT.gov) is maintained by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH).听 Clinical studies are registered on ClinicalTrials.gov via a web-based data entry system called the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS).

Requirements for Registration and Results Reporting

  • Applicable Clinical Trials: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA or U.S. Public Law 110-85) requires registration and results submission of involving drugs, biologics, or devices that are subject to FDA regulations. 听For additional information,鈥 see .
  • NIH Funded Studies: The requires registration and results submission at ClinicalTrials.gov of all clinical trials funded in whole or in part by the NIH.
  • Journal Publications: Prior registration of clinical trials in a public registry is required by all journals that follow the Guidelines as a condition of publication.
  • Sponsor Requirements: There are other sponsors that may require trial registration and results reporting.

To help determine if you need to register a study and report results with ClinicalTrials.gov, use this .

To Register a Study

The first step to register a study is to create a new account.听 Send an e-mail to UGA鈥檚 PRS Administrator at schmitzk@uga.edu. 听You will then receive an email containing your login name and another email from ClinicalTrials.gov with your temporary password.

ClinicalTrials.gov provides step-by-step guided tutorials to assist you with study registration: 听.听 The contains institution-specific information for UGA investigators.

Contact
ClinicalTrials.gov Administrator
Kimberly Schmitz
schmitzk@uga.edu

The criteria for closure are when enrollment, intervention (if applicable), data collection, and approved analyses of identifiable data is complete. When these criteria are met, the research no longer requires IRB oversight. You can continue to revisit the data to draft publications and do presentations about the project without continued IRB oversight as long as the analyses are consistent with the approved project. If new research questions are formed and new analyses are proposed, a new submission to the IRB for secondary analyses of identifiable data is required. If the data are no longer identifiable (all identifiers and code keys are destroyed), the research no longer involves human subjects and does not require further IRB oversight.

If your portal ID starts with Project, here is how you will close the submission:

  1. Open the Projectpage听in the IRB portal.
  2. Click on 鈥淐reate Version鈥 on the left听side of the page.听
  3. A window should pop-up that will say 鈥淭his activity will create a new version of your submission.Select version purpose and, if appropriate, modification scope. Click ‘OK’ to continue鈥 and it will have a list of things you can do under Purpose.
  4. To close the Project, you will want to select the bubble next to 鈥淐lose Study鈥 and then click 鈥淥k鈥.
  5. By clicking 鈥淥k鈥, this will bring you to a page that will say 鈥淰ersion Purpose鈥 at the top. Verify that you have 鈥淐lose Study鈥 selected and click the 鈥淐ontinue鈥 button in the bottom right corner.
  6. The next page, 鈥淐ontinuing Review Progress Report鈥, will have different sections for you to fill out with information from your project. When you have answered the questions on this page, click 鈥淐ontinue鈥 in the bottom right corner.听
  7. The next page, titled 鈥淐losure Information鈥, will ask you for your reason for closing.听
  8. Once you have selected your reason for closing, then you can click 鈥淪ave Draft鈥 in the bottom right corner. This听closes the submission听form,and you will land on the Version workspace.听
  9. On the Version workspace, click 鈥淪ubmit鈥 on the left side of the page. This will open a pop-up window with information听to read. After you have read through and verified the information provided in the bullet point list, click 鈥淥k鈥.听

If your portal ID starts with Study, here is how you will close the submission:

  1. Open the Study page in the IRB portal.听
  2. Click on 鈥淐lose Study鈥 on the left side of the page.听
  3. This should open a pop-up window. Click 鈥淥k鈥 in the bottom right.
  4. A page will open, titled 鈥淢odification/Continuing Review Purpose鈥, with the options of what to do with the submission. To close the study, click on the bubble next to 鈥淐lose Study鈥 and click 鈥淐ontinue鈥 in the bottom right.
  5. The next page, 鈥淐ontinuing Review Progress Report鈥, will have different sections for you to fill out with information from your project. When you have answered the questions on this page, click 鈥淐ontinue鈥 in the bottom right corner.听
  6. The next page, titled 鈥淐losure Information鈥, will ask you for your reason for closing.听
  7. Once you have selected your reason for closing, then you can click 鈥淐ontinue鈥 in the bottom right corner.听The following page will provide some instructions on the final steps of closing the study.
  8. You will see a message that says 鈥淵ou have reached the end of the IRB submission form. When you are ready to submit to the IRB,听follow thenext steps carefully:鈥.听
  9. The next steps听include:clicking 鈥淗ide/Show Errors鈥 to look for any missing information, clicking 鈥淔inish鈥 in the bottom right to exit the form, and then clicking 鈥淪ubmit鈥 on the听submission workspace听if you are the PI or clicking 鈥淣otify PI to submit鈥 to send an email to the PI indicating that the submission is ready to be sent to the IRB.听

There are a couple of options if the criteria for closure are not met. UGA IRB only has oversight responsibility for research conducted by its agents. Individuals with adjunct appointments or Emeritus status may be considered agents of UGA but department authorization must be obtained for conducting research as a UGA Principal Investigator (see Policy: Principal Investigator Eligiblity.) Otherwise, a new PI must be identified and submitted via modification/version.

If neither of the aforementioned appointments apply, a new PI must be identified and submitted via modification/version before you leave. Particularly when the project involves a graduate student鈥檚 thesis or dissertation, it is important to transfer the PI responsibility to another faculty member or to obtain department authorization to continue the responsibility鈥搃n both cases, the IRB must be notified via a modification/version submission.

Former UGA employees who will continue to conduct the research after leaving UGA must obtain IRB approval from their new institution before engaging in or continuing human research activities. In some instances a data transfer agreement may be required as well.

If the closure criteria are met, submit a request for closure before your access to UGA systems is deactivated by EITS.

Yes, the completed project should be closed in the IRB Portal. Review the instructions for “How do I close my study?”. Once the closure request is created, notify the PI to submit it for processing. Research projects for thesis/dissertation are considered complete once the product is complete. Even if you plan to continue working with the data for other purposes, the project must be closed by UGA IRB. If you design new analyses/research in the future, your new academic/medical institution’s IRB will have responsibility to review.